The Niger River, the Gambia River, and the Senegal River are among the 22 West African rivers that have their origins in Guinea. Location and Geography. Geography of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. Up to 1,752 m high chain of mountains with a high number of endemic species of plants and animals, such as Nimba otter shrew (Micropotamogale lamottei), Western Nimba toad (Nimbaphrynoides occidentalis) – viviparous toad. Mount Nimba is the highest point at 1,750 m. The Forest Region, or Guinea Highlands, is a historically isolated area of hills in the country’s southeastern corner. Guinea consists of four geographic regions: Lower Guinea, the Fouta Djallon, Upper Guinea, and the Forest Region, or Guinea Highlands. Beginning about 1500 BCE, sailors began moving east from the island of New Guinea. More than 20 rivers in western Africa originate in Guinea. Oceania’s physical geography, environment and resources, and human geography can be considered separately. km, which is about the size of the state of California in the United States, only about 14-18 percent of its residents are living in the urban areas. The Guinean sector was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1981 and is home to a unique and diverse array of flora and fauna. Guinea is bordered by Guinea-Bissau to the northwest, Senegal to the north, Mali to the northeast, Côte d’Ivoire to the southeast, and Liberia and Sierra Leone to the south. The coast has undergone recent marine submergence and is marked by rias, or drowned river valleys, that form inlets and tidal estuaries. In the lowlands are many swamps and floodplains. In the Forest Region at Macenta there may be some 100 or more inches (2,540 mm) of rain annually. Conakry's average annual rainfall is 4,300 mm (169.3 in). Slightly smaller than Oregon, the country consists of a coastal plain, a mountainous region, a savanna interior, and a forest area in the Guinea Highlands. The mountains are the source of the Niger, Senegal, and Gambia rivers. Spanish and Portuguese explorers came upon the islands in the 16th century. MAJOR RELIGION(S): Muslim 85%, Christian 8%, indigenous beliefs 7%. It is home to one of four significant rain forest wildernesses remaining on the planet. Cassette tapes are cheaper in Guinea than in the rest of West Africa and most of the world, making Guinea a mecca for buyers of recorded music. The Bafing and Bakoye rivers, headwaters of the Sénégal River, flow northward into Mali before uniting to form the main river. Baboons and hyenas are common, while an occasional wild boar, several types of antelope, and a rare leopard may be sighted. The name Papua was given to the land by Don Jorge de Meneses. Cloud State University, Minnesota. If you like to immerse yourself in Mother Nature, you’ll love Guinea. In Upper Guinea rainfall drops to about 60 inches (1,500 mm) a year. It is located on the shores of the Gulf of Papua, on the south-eastern coast of the Papuan Peninsula of the island of New Guinea. Guinea is a former French colony that borders Guinea-Bissau and Senegal to the north, Mali on the north and north-east, Côte d'Ivoire to the east and Liberia and Sierra Leone to the south. Papua New Guinea has a total area of 462,840 km 2 (178,700 sq mi), of which 452,860 km 2 (174,850 sq mi) is land and 9,980 km 2 (3,850 sq mi) is water. Badiar National Park, which is administered jointly with Niokolo-Koba National Park in southeastern Senegal, contains savanna and forest. Westernmost point (mainland) – the point at which the border with, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 18:58. Updates? NEUE Land Karte Flagge Halskette Afrika Guinea Ghana Liberia Unterwasser Jamaika Südafrika Kongo Honduras Anhänger Kette Mann Schmuck Diese Halskette für Herren ist aus hochwertigem Edelstahl gefertigt. It is the 54th largest country in the world in terms of land area with 462,840 square kilometers (178,700 square miles). Papua New Guinea occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea, just north of Australia, and many outlying islands. As of 1 January 2017, the population of Papua New Guinea was estimated to be 7,866,753 people. The country has a total land area of 28,051 sq. In the lowlands, mean annual maximum temperatures range from about 86 to 90 °F (30 to 32 °C), and the minimums are between 73 and 75 °F (23 and 24 °C). There is a dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds. As observed on the physical map above, Equatorial Guinea in west-central Africa has two distinct regions, a mainland region, and an insular region. The Fouta Djallon is mostly open, with trees growing along the wider stream valleys. This makes it the 3rd largest island country in the world. This feature is coming soon. Understand []. During the 1990s Guinea accommodated several hundred thousand war refugees from neighbouring Liberia and Sierra Leone, and conflicts between those countries and Guinea have continued to flare up over the refugee population. The highest peak is Mount Nimba at 5,748 ft (1,752 m). Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Clear all . Papua New Guinea has a total area of 462,840 km 2 (178,700 sq mi), of which 452,860 km 2 (174,850 sq mi) is land and 9,980 km 2 (3,850 sq mi) is water. Die Anhänger-Halskette ist extrem robust, rostfrei, hochglanzpoliert und langlebig. Deciduous trees grow in scattered clumps, but few have commercial value; baobabs and shea trees furnish fruit and oil. As Papua New Guinea's forests are lost and degraded, it also loses its diversity of plants, animals and indigenous people. They are a common feature in the north and west of the country. New Guinea, island of the eastern Malay Archipelago, in the western Pacific Ocean, north of Australia. The most common soils found in Guinea are laterites formed of iron and hydrated aluminum oxides and other materials that often concretize into hard iron-rich conglomerates. But for travellers who like being far, far from the beaten track, Guinea has many enticements. During the dry season temperatures of more than 100 °F (38 °C) are common in the northeast. Guinea is a country on the coast of West Africa and is bordered by Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Mali, Ivory Coast, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. In addition, Guinea is endowed with huge deposits of mineral resources. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Its terrain is generally flat coastal plain, hilly to mountainous interior. Area comparison map: slightly smaller than Oregon; slightly larger than twice the size of Pennsylvania Land boundaries: total: 4,046 km [see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks] border countries (6): Cote d'Ivoire 816 km, Guinea-Bissau 421 km, Liberia 590 km, Mali 1062 km, Senegal 363 km, Sierra Leone 794 km The coast is fringed with mangrove trees, and the coastal plain supports stands of oil palms. Papua New Guinea currently has a system of law that is often referred to as a dual system of law. A virtual guide to Guinea, a developing country in the tropical southwestern part of West Africa at the Atlantic Ocean. Many of the dry woodlands of the region are protected in Haut Niger National Park, located in the centre of the country. Papua New Guinea has 3 official languages: English, Hiri Motu, and Tok Pisin. It features many drowned river valleys or rias and there are tidal estuaries and offshore islands. Nonetheless, the economy is largely based on subsistence agriculture. Oceania’s natural resource s are best defined in connection with its island groups. The rocks of this region are of the same composition as those of Upper Guinea. Mainland Papua New Guinea reaches its maximum north-south expanse of some 510 miles (820 km) along its western border with Indonesian Papua. Mount Nimba, the highest peak of the Nimba Range, which extends along the Guinea–Côte d'Ivoire–Liberia border in western Africa. Sahelian Upper Guinea has a shorter rainy season and greater daily temperature variations. Guinea's total area is 245,857 km , comprising 245,717 km of land and 140 km of water. Papua New Guinea Map - Physical Map of Papua New Guinea Zoom Map Description: The Physical Map of Papua New Guinea showing major geographical features like elevations, mountain ranges, deserts, ocean, lakes, plateaus, peninsulas, rivers, plains, landforms and other topographic features. Guinea, in West Africa on the Atlantic, is also bordered by Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. The topography of PNG is among the most rugged in the world, with altitudes of over 4,000 meters (13,000 feet). Guinea Features. Sights & Landmarks . Find what to do today or anytime in December. Papua New Guinea has only one-fifth of the population living in urban areas. It then was ruled successively by Sékou Touré (1958–84) and Lansana Conté (1984–2008), the latter of whom claimed power through a military coup. “There are large plaques on … The country's lowest point is the Atlantic Ocean (0 m), and highest is Mont Nimba (1,752 m). Guinea pigs make great pets due to their kind, friendly natures. The Fouta Djallon also gives rise to numerous smaller rivers, including the Fatala, Konkouré, and Kolenté, which flow westward across the coastal plain to enter the Atlantic Ocean. Immediately inland the gently rolling coastal plain rises to the east, being broken by rocky spurs of the Fouta Djallon highlands in the north at Cape Verga and in the south at the Camayenne Peninsula. Papua New Guinea - Papua New Guinea - Climate: Although all the climatic regions of Papua New Guinea are basically tropical, they are nevertheless varied. Although does not present rankings From there, the land rises into an elevated plateau of thickly forested hills to its border with Gabon, reaching (in … The highest point in the highlands, Mount Tamgué, rises to 5,046 feet (1,538 metres) near the town of Mali in the north. Festivals and celebrations, whether public or private, usually feature dancing and music. Land use: agricultural land: 58.1% (2011 est.) Spanish and Portuguese explorers came upon the islands in the 16th century. When developers enter a community, tribesmen are often forced to choose between their native way of life or selling their lands. #1 of 1 Sights & Landmarks in Rabaul. Sights & Landmarks . Jan 2003 96-103 This feature is coming soon. Sandy brown soils predominate in the northeast, while black, heavy clay soils accumulate in the backwaters along the coast. With a total land area of 462,840 sq. Port Moresby, also referred to as Pom City or simply Moresby, is the capital and largest city of Papua New Guinea. The Forest Region contains several extensive patches of rainforest, with teak, mahogany, and ebony trees; agriculture, however, has diminished the forests and resulted in a shift largely toward open savanna. In the southeast, the Huon Peninsula protrudes above the Huon Gulf, an indentation of the Solomon Sea. Current environmental issues in Guinea include: deforestation; inadequate supplies of potable water; desertification; soil contamination and erosion; and overfishing and overpopulation in forest regions. Clear all . The Fouta Djallon is the source of the three major rivers of the region. Guinea is party to the following international environmental agreements: Biodiversity, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling. Guinea extends southeast in a crescent from the Atlantic coast of West Africa. The capital Conakry's year-round average high is 29 °C (84.2 °F), and the low is 23 °C (73.4 °F). The climate of Guinea is tropical with two alternating seasons—a dry season (November through March) and a wet season (April through October). Power was handed over to a freely elected civilian administration in 2010. There are alluvial soils along the major rivers. It is a Malay world describing frizzy hair. “There are large plaques on … All Things to Do. Rabaul War Cemetery. Australia, for example, features large areas of arid land which have little vegetation. Freedom House, the respected US think tank, places Equatorial Guinea alongside Burma, North Korea and Somalia on its list of the world's worst regimes, a … More than 5,000 square miles (13,000 square km) of the highlands’ total extent of 30,000 square miles (78,000 square km) lie above 3,000 feet (900 metres). Poisonous snakes include mambas, vipers, and cobras, and there are pythons and a variety of harmless snakes. 949.2 km2 (2003) of land is irrigated. Total land area is over 462,840 km2 (178,704mi2). Factbook > Countries > Equatorial Guinea > Geography. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Guinea Africa & The Middle East Map World Map THE FACTS . Return to Map . This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html. Bordered in north by Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, and Mali, and by Côte d'Ivoire to the east and southeast, by Liberia and Sierra Leone to the south. But don’t expect an easy time of it. It is hard to single out the most impressive kind of landmarks in this land of wonders – but it is possible that this country has got the most impressive caves in the world. People have inhabited the area for thousands of years and even today the country has over 850 different languages and cultures. Lower Guinea includes the coast and coastal plain. Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - Guinea, Guinea - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Guinea - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). NAME: LOCATION: Africa & The Middle East: GOVERNMENT: Republic : OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: French (official); note: each ethnic group has its own language. It is important to note, however, that not all of Oceania receives abundant rainfall, and portions of the region are arid or semiarid. Guinea is in western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone. The name Papua was given to the land by Don Jorge de Meneses. The arrival of the migratory intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) in June brings the heaviest rainfall of the wet season. Crocodiles and several varieties of fish are found in most rivers. Guinea, under the name French Guinea, was a part of French West Africa until it achieved independence in 1958. During the 1990s Guinea harbored as many as half a million refugees from Sierra Leone and Liberia, more refugees than any other African country for much of that decade. Not to mention being low maintenance and totally adorable. Guinea's total area is 245,857 km2, comprising 245,717 km2 of land and 140 km2 of water. 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