They can be bell-shaped or round with pure white or ivory-colored skin and cream flesh. Here are the names of some of these varieties. Fairy Tale – One of my favorite types, this prolific plant bears small, slender, light-purple fruits with white splotches. Fine flavor; holds well. The plant itself can grow up to six feet tall, and may need to be supported. Choose seeds depending on the variety that you would like to plant. Transplant outdoors after nighttime low temperatures have risen above 50°F. This eggplant variety is a good choice for containers. You can get several types of varieties of eggplant to grow in your garden. Grows beautifully in garden beds or containers. The best time to plant eggplant is on a day that’s warm, cloudy, and windless. Harvest To Table Localized weather patterns, drought, excessive rain, insects, biblical plagues, raccoons, etc. A 5-gallon bucket is the minimum I would recommend for growing eggplants. If this is the route you wish to go, you will need a pretty large container. Eggplant (Solanum melongena) is a warm weather perennial that grows as an annual in the U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 4 through 10. To grow eggplant, start by planting your seeds 6 to 9 weeks before the last frost is expected. Remove all weeds and till the soil to loosen it to a depth of 6 to 10 inches. Start eggplant seeds about eight weeks before planting outside. Growing eggplant would be ridiculously easy if not for eggplant flea … The sun-loving eggplant (Solanum melongena) is a perennial that can be grown as an annual in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 10. This Japanese eggplant variety is the most popular. This will give your seedlings the best chance at survival. Your email address will not be published. How to Cook Chinese Eggplant. It takes from 58 to 70 days to reach maturity. The fruit features ivory skin, and grows to about 6-inches long. may affect the efficacy of this guide. It’s ideal for container growing. If the weather is not warm enough eggplant will patiently sit there until temperatures rise. Clay or plastic pot will be good choices. Just to name a few. Then, plant 1 to 2 seeds in each container and wait … Pick the fruit before the glossy, dark skin begins to fade. In addition, when growing some varieties of eggplant, fertilizer may reduce bitterness caused by … Although it is quite challenging to grow eggplants from seeds, this is the common option for many home gardeners. Feeding eggplants during their growing and fruiting stages improves the overall health of the plant. Eggplants (Solanum melongena) prefer at least six to eight hours of full sun and well-drained soil. Eggplant Varieties: Best Bets and Easy-to-Grow Large oval eggplant:. If planted in early spring, eggplant grows best in light sandy soils; loam is preferred for later crops. Eggplant is easy to grow, and some varieties are so beautiful they can be used as ornamentals. The large fruit and early harvesting nature of the plant make it a great choice to grow at home. Long slender cylindrical fruit., 7 to10 inches in... White eggplant:. For the best flavor, pick the fruit when it’s white. “Eggplant seeds should be started indoors in mid-spring under grow lights or in a sunny window,” says Niki Jabbour, the author of “The Year-Round Vegetable Gardener.” Rosa Bianca – a lovely Italian variety with lavender and white fruit. Southern slopes that warm early in the spring may yield better. Eggplant prefers well-drained, fertile, sandy loam soils with a pH between 5.5 and 7.2. Elongated Eggplant. Eggplant leaves are large and coarse, and the stem is often spiny. Place in full sun, and feed regularly. Florida friendly varieties are Black Beauty, Ichiban, and Long. Most white eggplant cultivars are smaller than purple eggplants. Gardening is unpredictable, but I have used these guidelines with success in the past few years, and I hope this helps you plan and grow the the best … These eggplants are long and thin and have very dark, glossy skin. It will grow as a perennial in growing zones 10 and 11. It can be stressed easily just like tomatoes and peppers. This white eggplant takes up to 65 days to mature. They shine in stir fries, as pickles or braised. The following Asian eggplant varieties are favorites for good taste and texture. Varieties Sicilian. Before choosing an eggplant variety, analyze your growing conditions and eggplant shapes and sizes. If you have something more significant, use it. What can’t you do with Chinese eggplant? Eggplant provides 6 to 10 percent of daily needs of important manganese for Healthy Bones and source of B Vitamins – Herald, How to Store Harvest, Cure, and Store Winter Squash. The many colors, sizes and shapes of eggplant varieties make it hard to decide which one is the best to grow. Florida Market – This is one of the most common varieties available. Try them in this recipe, from North Carolina reader Allyson Meyler.It calls for conventional eggplant, but the Chinese eggplant’s inherent sweetness will be accentuated by the lime juice and sesame, letting the spices shine. Most people think of eggplants as large, oval fruits with a deep purple … It is imp… Fairytale, Bambino, and white eggplants are all great choices for container planting too. For the best results, fill a seed tray with a non-soil growing medium, like vermiculite or compost. After preparing the seeds, prepare the container that you will use. The following eggplant varieties produce this traditional shaped eggplant. Eggplant prefers light, humus-rich, well-drained, warm soil. Eggplants can only grow in warm soil—50 degrees Fahrenheit or above. These include: Small Eggplant. See to it that the seeds are disease-free. The fruit’s full size is about 5 inches. Warm Areas: SeptemberTemperate Areas: Late September – October (after frost risk has passed)Cool to Cold Areas: October Whether you’re planting in a vegetable garden, in containers or ornamental beds, choose an area that has good drainage and slightly acidic soil. Millionaire boasts classic dark-purple fruits. Trimming Eggplant for More Fruit Production, Eggplant Height Varies Depending on the Variety, When Is the Best Time to Pick White Eggplant, A Simple Solution for White Eggplant Leaves, Garden area with full sun for six hours each day, Temperature range of 70°F (21°C) to 85°F (29°C), Well drained soil with a pH of 6.2 to 6.8, Enough space to plant seedlings 36 inches apart and rows 2 feet apart. On a sunny day, soil temperatures inside black pots may be 10 degrees or more higher than in-ground soil temperatures. Because eggplant really needs warm soil to grow well, gardeners in cool climates often do best growing the plants in large, dark-colored containers. (The color and glossiness of the eggplant determine the best time to harvest, rather than the fruit’s size.) Pinching the terminal buds (top-most growing tips) will cultivate a bushier form. The plant produces long, slender fruit, reaching up to 10 inches. Traditional Oval Eggplants. Casper: An ivory-skinned, slightly elongated eggplant that fruits in about 70 days, Casper’ grows well even in northern gardens. Add a cage to your eggplant to help support stems when heavy with fruit. Most people think of eggplants as large, oval fruits with a deep purple color. This Italian eggplant variety takes from 70 to 90 days to reach maturity. Sicilian heirlooms have striped skins that can range from dark purple and white to rose and white. Eggplant (family Solanaceae; Solanum melongena) is thought to have originated in Southern to Southeastern Asia. Staying in Europe, but moving from France to Italy, ‘Clara’ is an Italian hybrid that produces a … Each plant produces a half dozen or more fruits with a mild, non-bitter flavor and small seeds. This makes eggplant a popular vegetable to grow in containers because you can always move them around for the best view. Wait to plant eggplant (either by starting seeds or seedlings) until the soil temperatures are higher than 50 degrees F (10 C), and all danger of frost has passed. It produces large, meaty fruit with lavender or ivory colored skin. It has a mild flavor that tastes similar to mushroom. The flowers are gorgeous, and the eggplants look like little (or big) molded sculptures. Taking up to 85 days to mature, Black Beauty is the most popular eggplant variety for gardeners. Good flavor and quality. The plant produces large, purple, oval fruit. Install plant supports at the time of planting. Eggplant (solanum melongena), or aubergine, is a perennial, warm-season vegetable from the nightshade family.Eggplants come in a variety of sizes, shapes, and colors.The most common eggplant variety in the US is the globe eggplant—this hefty … Growing eggplants in the veggie garden can be so rewarding when the time comes to harvest these tasty, versatile plants. Listada de Gandia – attractive white and lavender striped fruit. The best time to plant eggplant in Florida is April. Sometimes... Japanese Eggplant. Also, read the instructions from the manufacturer to learn how to properly take care of the plant. Oriental type. Large round to oval fruit 4 to 6 inches long, 5 inches in diameter; Elongated eggplant fruit:. The higher the organic matter content of the soil the better, so incorporate a 3- to 4-inch layer of compost if possible. Both the productivity and flavor of this Japanese variety are exceptional. If you’re undecided about which eggplant variety you should grow in your garden, consider the following conditions before choosing your eggplant seeds or seedlings: Japanese and Chinese eggplants are long and slender with thin skin and a mild flavor. Soil. Anticipate eggplant flea beetles. The fruit yield is four to six per plant, and continues producing all season. Purple Striped Eggplant. Eggplant is a crop found across the globe, and in many varieties. Eggplants have a long growing season, so you’ll need to start them indoors around eight weeks before your region’s last frost date. If you buy plants from a garden center, choose sturdy plants up to a foot tall. Eggplant needs warm conditions, and will not thrive during a cool season. There are several varieties to choose from with a range of sizes, shapes, and colors. Slice Millionaires into rounds and make eggplant parmesan or baba ghanoush. By understanding what eggplants need to grow … Large Eggplant. This Asian variety takes about 70 days to mature. Privacy Policy, « Corn Varieties: Best Bets and Easy-to-Grow, Melon Growing Problems: Troubleshooting ». Healthy plants produce larger fruit in greater quantities. Clara. If you are thinking about growing eggplant, it’s a good idea to consider which time of year they typically do best. The best time to plant eggplant is in late spring after the last threat of frost. Eggplant is a warm loving plant and cool weather will slow its growth. Eggplant is closely related to pepper, tomato, tobacco and potato, and shares diseases with some of these crops. Deep, well-drained sandy loam soils are ideal for eggplant. Cultivation methods are similar to those for pepper, but it is more heat tolerant and cold sensitive. In this growing guide we will be talking all about eggplants! Black Beauty – this classic eggplant is grown commercially and found in grocery stores. Learn all about growing eggplant, including the best eggplant varieties, how to prevent pests, growing eggplant in containers and simple tips for cooking baba ghanouj and caponata. The young eggplants are lavender, and turn purple as they grow. Matures in 80 days. Eggplants grow best in a compost-rich, fertile soil under full sun. What Is the Best Place for Growing Eggplant? Young fruit is pure white and yellows as it matures. They’re the sweetest-tasting... Indian Eggplant. It produces small, white oval fruit. This popular variety matures in 70 days. The following eggplant varieties are not only easier than some to grow, but they have a flavor that you’ll love. Container and Pot Sizes: How Much Soil Do I Need. Eggplant is a very tender vegetable that grows best in growing zones 5–12. This eggplant variety tastes sweet and tender for all types of recipes. Grow in warm soil—50 degrees Fahrenheit or above eight hours of full sun because... 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