Information and translations of craniocerebral trauma in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Godil, " Craniocerebral injury by penetration of a T-shaped metallic spanner: A rare presentation," Surgical Neurology International, vol. Depending on the degree of severity, TBI is isolated: A special group of CTB consists of gunshot wounds, many of which are penetrating, differ in variety depending on the nature of the wounding projectile, the type of firearm, the trajectory of the wound channel, etc. [43], [44], [45], [46], [47], [48], [49], [50]. "Craniocerebral Trauma" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings).Descriptors are arranged in a hierarchical structure, which enables searching at various levels of specificity. You are reporting a typo in the following text: Diseases of the mammary glands (mammology), Diseases of the joints, muscles and connective tissue (rheumatology), Diseases of the immune system (immunology), Diseases of the heart and blood vessels (cardiology), Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue (dermatology), Diseases of the lungs, bronchi and pleura (pulmonology), Diseases of the ear, throat and nose (otolaryngology), Diseases of the endocrine system and metabolic disorders (endocrinology), Sexually transmitted infections (sexually transmitted diseases), Diseases of the nervous system (neurology), Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (gastroenterology), PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction, PCR Diagnostics). Traumatic injuries involving the cranium and intracranial structures (i.e., BRAIN; CRANIAL NERVES; MENINGES; and other structures)Injuries may be classified by whether or not the skull is penetrated (i.e., penetrating vs. nonpenetrating) … The main tasks of examining a patient with CCT are: determining the type of injury (closed, open, penetrating) and the nature of brain damage (concussion, bruising, compression, diffuse axonal damage); clarification of the cause of compression (hematoma, depressed fracture, etc. Definition of Terms. In cases of severe head injury, monitoring of intracranial pressure is important for the purpose of appropriate therapy and prevention of the most dangerous complications. With this type of injury, there is a real threat of infectious complications from the content of the cranial cavity. Radiography of the skull (craniography) minimum in two projections. The prognosis and consequences of craniocerebral trauma, [33], [34], [35], [36], [37], [38], [39], [40], [41], [42]. One of the most important links in the complex rehabilitation system for people with disabilities who have suffered such a condition as a brain injury is professional rehabilitation, which consists of the psychological orientation of the disabled person to work, shown to him for health reasons, labor recommendations for rational work placement, vocational training and retraining. Craniocerebral Injuries (n.). compression without a bruise of the brain; light (brain concussion and brain contusion of mild severity); average severity (brain contusion of moderate severity, chronic and subacute compression of the brain); severe (severe brain contusion, acute compression of the brain, diffuse axonal injury). Definition of craniocerebral : involving both cranium and brain craniocerebral injury Examples of craniocerebral in a Sentence Recent Examples on the Web Mild closed craniocerebral injury … Based on the experience of the leading neurosurgical clinics, a single classification of TBI was compiled. If you feel that any of our content is inaccurate, out-of-date, or otherwise questionable, please select it and press Ctrl + Enter. The mean value curves over a period of two weeks following trauma are presented graphically. All iLive content is medically reviewed or fact checked to ensure as much factual accuracy as possible. Non-penetrating (integrity of the dura mater is retained). Meningeal syndrome or symptoms of meningism. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Gordon WA, Zafonte R, Cicerone K, et al. Craniocerebral Trauma, Penetrating (n.). Brain stem injury, which is generally associated with skull base fracture, was found to be the main factor governing the prognosis of the case. Craniocerebral Trauma - definition. When the patient is discharged from the hospital, the nearest functional results are evaluated and the final results of treatment are predicted, which determines the complex of medical and social measures for their optimization. Rehabilitation after traumatic brain injury. In spite of the visible advantages of neurovisualizing methods, craniography, which allows to detect fractures of the skull bones, metallic foreign bodies and other (secondary) craniographic signs, which are the consequence of this pathology, has not lost its diagnostic value. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'? Craniocerebral tissues stay in a high metabolic state after suffering from external trauma. A patient with a less severe craniocerebral trauma may not have large structural lesions. Lumbar puncture (in the absence of brain dislocation symptoms). Copyright © 2011 - 2020 iLive. 4000–5000 cal per day. Penetrating (there is a violation of the integrity of the dura mater, including fractures of the skull base bones, which are accompanied by liquorrhea). The authors give a more precise definition of the tomographic characteristics of the different forms of craniocerebral damages and the dynamics of changes in the acute and subacute periods after the injury. [1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7], [8], [9], [10], [11]. First of all, a brain injury is characterized by a violation of consciousness as a manifestation of a disruption of the connection between neurons. Craniocerebral trauma can be a consequence of direct effects on the head of a mechanical factor or indirect effects of it during sudden stopping during rapid body movement (for example, during a fall) or in case of sudden sudden acceleration. Closed craniocerebral trauma (there are no disturbances in the integrity of the veins of the cranial vault or there are superficial wounds of the soft tissues, without damaging the aponeurosis, including in the presence of fractures of the bones of the cranial vault). An object that penetrates brain tissue, such as a bullet or shattered piece of skull, also can cause traumatic brain injury. Mild traumatic brain injury may affect your brain cells temporarily. Closed craniocerebral trauma accounts for an average of 70-75% of all TBI. Learn a new word every day. Neuropsychol Rev. Surgical treatment of craniocerebral trauma includes primary surgical treatment with open injuries, stopping bleeding, eliminating compression of the brain and liquorrhea. Objective: To investigate and compare, using a retrospective clinical study, the clinical outcomes of penetrating craniocerebral gunshot wounds (PCGW) with respect to the trajectory of penetration in the axial plane. ); determination of the severity of the patient's condition; evaluation of the nature of bone lesions, the severity of the general-somatic and neurological condition of the patient. The information published on the portal is for reference only and should not be used without consulting a specialist. Combined (a combination of craniocerebral injury with mechanical injuries of other parts of the body, depending on the area of the lesion, cranio-abdominal, craniotoracic, craniophatic, craniovertebral, cranioskeletal injuries, etc.). Head injury can be defined as any alteration in mental or physical functioning related to a blow to the head (see the image below). Ocular craniocerebral injury To open craniocerebral injuries include damage that penetrates through the scalp and the skull (and usually the dura mater and brain tissue). Carrying out such a complex of examinations allows obtaining full-fledged objective information about the state of the brain (the presence of foci of injury, intracranial hemorrhages, signs of brain dislocation, the state of the ventricular system, etc.). and with the most diverse illnesses. Note that the numbers in parentheses ([1], [2], etc.) the results: new insights - through each of the best rehabilitation arrangements. According to WHO, the number of cases of craniocerebral trauma increases by 2% per year, which, with an increase in the number of vehicles, rapid urbanization, is not always a sufficient level of behavior culture for all road users. Patients with severe craniocerebral trauma should be rushed to a specialized hospital. According to epidemiological studies, the rate of craniocerebral trauma in economically developed countries reaches on average 4-6 cases per 1000 population. Send us feedback. More-serious traumatic brain injury can result in bruising, torn tissues, bleeding and other physical damage to the brain. At the same time, measures are taken to stop external bleeding and maintain cardiovascular activity. The prognosis of craniocerebral trauma is as much an obligatory part of every medical history as the diagnosis. In the presence of disabling complications of craniocerebral trauma, a professional reorientation of the patient is necessary. The range of clinical findings, symptoms & signs of craniocerebral trauma and neurologic deficits following craniocerebral trauma is wide and depending on the location, mechanism, and severity of injury. In all types of craniocerebral trauma with soft tissue injuries, primary surgical treatment of the wound is performed and tetanus toxoid is injected. Clavicle fracture in a newborn during childbirth. All modern classifications are based on the classification proposed in the XVIII century. The iLive portal does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. In cases of severe brain contusion with crushing and pronounced edema, use antiferment preparations, antihypoxants and antioxidants, vasoactive drugs, glucocorticosteroids. [12], [13], [14], [15], [16], [17], [18], [19], [20], [21], [22]. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. These disorders can aggravate the mechanical: damage to the nervous tissue: circulatory disorders cause secondary necrosis around the primary (from the brain injury) and require vigorous treatment to prevent it. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? In the absence of indications for surgical treatment of the patient (with concussion, brain contusion, diffuse axonal damage) conservative measures are carried out, the nature of which is determined by the clinical form and severity of the patient's condition with CCI, the severity of neurologic symptoms (intracranial hypo- or hypertension, cerebral circulatory disturbances, impaired circulation of cerebrospinal fluid, etc. The nature of these violations is traditionally estimated in points on the scale of coma Glasgow. In wartime, the main cause of craniocerebral trauma are various gunshot and explosive lesions, and in peacetime - transport, domestic and industrial injuries. A traumatic brain injury (TBI), also known as an intracranial injury, is an injury to the brain caused by an external force. We have strict sourcing guidelines and only link to reputable media sites, academic research institutions and, whenever possible, medically peer reviewed studies. The patient's condition, especially with severe TBI, can change rapidly, primarily with the development of symptoms of brain compression, so his constant neurological evaluation can be crucial. Dandruff in the ears: why does it appear, how to treat it? There is a noted gender difference. French scientist Jacques Petit, who isolated a brain concussion (comotio cerebri), a contusion of the brain (contusio cerebri) and compression of the brain (compressio cerebri). See more. The definition of Craniocerebral injuries (CCI) CCI defines any trauma to the skull and brain. "Craniocerebral Trauma" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings).Descriptors are arranged in a hierarchical structure, which enables searching at various levels of specificity. Carefully read the rules and policies of the site. period being 73.42 hours. Craniocerebral trauma is one of the most common types of trauma (30-50% of all traumatic injuries), is the leading cause of death and disability of people under the age of 45 and ranks first in the structure of neurosurgical pathology. Post the Definition of craniocerebral to Facebook, Share the Definition of craniocerebral on Twitter, ˌkrā-nē-ō-sə-ˈrē-brəl, -ˈser-ə-, We Got You This Article on 'Gift' vs. 'Present'. Primary treatment of craniocereberal trauma includes support for breathing, oxygenation and blood pressure to prevent further damage. Causes of craniocerebral trauma include car accidents and other traffic accidents (for example, falls from a bicycle, accidents with pedestrians), falls (especially of the elderly and young children), violence and sports injuries. Craniocerebral Injuries Craniocerebral Injury Craniocerebral Traumas Crushing Skull Injuries Crushing Skull Injury Forehead Trauma Forehead Traumas Frontal Region Trauma Frontal Region Traumas Head Injuries Head Injuries, Minor Head Injuries, Multiple Head … The injury can be as mild as a bump, bruise (contusion), or cut on the head, or can be moderate to severe in nature due to a concussion, deep cut or open wound, fractured skull bone (s), or from internal bleeding and damage to the brain. Craniocerebral trauma may result in injury to the scalp, skull, and brain tissues. Depending on the nature of the damage to the outer covers of the skull and the possibility of infecting the contents of its cavity, there are two main types of injury: Open craniocerebral injuries, depending on the damage to the last barrier on the way to the brain - the dura mater - are divided as follows: According to the presence of concomitant lesions, the following forms of CCT are distinguished: Depending on the type and nature of damage to the brain, the following clinical forms of CCT are distinguished: Some scientists also propose to distinguish diffuse (concussion, diffuse axonal damage) and focal (bruised, compressed) brain damage. Traumatic Brain Injury () Definition (MEDLINEPLUS) Traumatic brain injury (TBI) happens when a bump, blow, jolt, or other head Injury causes damage to the brain. Combined (a combination of CCT with non-mechanical damage: chemical, radiation, toxic, thermal damage). Craniocerebral injury is a kind of trauma with high disability rate and fatality rate, and about 22% patients with severe craniocerebral injury become severely disabled, in which 5% develop into the vegetative state and 40% die, . "Craniocerebral Trauma" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings).Descriptors are arranged in a hierarchical structure, which enables searching at various levels of specificity. General cerebral symptoms (loss or disturbance of consciousness, headache, nausea, vomiting, amnesia). Traumatic brain injury rehabilitation: state of the science. 2006 Apr;85(4):343-82. Damage is usually divided into open and closed. Craniocerebral Trauma and Interpretation of Head Injuries External Injuries to Face and Scalp – Dr Andrew has several decades of experience examining and interpreting head injuries. However, this classification has not found wide distribution. There are two types, closed and open. In patients with severe forms of TBI, severe disorders of the endocrine function are observed, severe metabolic disorders occur, sometimes there are gastrointestinal bleeding, perforated ulcers of the stomach and intestines, and other formidable complications. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than 50,000 individuals die from traumatic brain injuries each year in the United States. In the United States, craniocerebral trauma (TBI) annually receives about 1.4 million people; of which almost 50,000 people die and about 80,000 survivors become disabled. Wang and colleagues "also hope to extend our experimental models to other disorders such as severe craniocerebral injury, bronchial asthma, chronic pulmonary heart … Measures for caring for patients with TBI include prophylaxis of bedsores and hypostatic pneumonia, passive gymnastics to prevent the formation of contractures in the joints of the limbs. Symptoms of craniocerebral injury vary widely in severity and consequences. When providing first aid to patients with CCT, the first measures should be actions aimed at normalizing breathing and preventing aspiration of vomit and blood, which usually occurs in patients who are in an unconscious state. If there is no possibility to perform neurovisualizing studies - the imposition of diagnostic search milling holes. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). How to use a word that (literally) drives some pe... Test your knowledge of the words of the year. Craniocerebral trauma is characterized by primary (associated with direct affection of the corresponding centers of the central nervous system) and secondary (due to the peculiarities of the clinical course of craniocerebral trauma), a violation of the function of internal organs. Delivered to your inbox! Then, surgical intervention and rehabilitation are possible. Stop bleeding at the prehospital stage can be carried out by pressing the vessel, applying a pressure bandage, dressing the vessel. It is often difficult to recognize the nature of the lesion with CCT. Intensive therapy for severe head injury includes, first of all, measures to normalize the function of breathing, fighting swelling-swelling of the brain. What made you want to look up craniocerebral? Closed and Open Head Injuries. To this end, it is necessary to lay the victim on his side or turn his head to the side, to control, so that there is no tongue twisting. The diagnosis of craniocerebral trauma is established clinically and is confirmed by visualizing research methods (primarily CT, although in some cases, MRI has an additional significance). In cases of craniocerebral injury combined with injury to the locomotor apparatus the required level of the mean dynamic arterial pressure is maintained by a higher cardiac output and an increase in the general peripheral vascular resistance to the blood flow. Poisoning with canned fish, meat and vegetables, Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain, Evaluation of the quality of life in patients with long-term consequences of an armed craniocerebral trauma. To establish and clarify the diagnosis, patients with CCT carry out a whole complex of examinations. Asthenovegetative syndrome (fluctuations in heart rate and blood pressure, hyperhidrosis, pallor, acrocyanosis, etc.). Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! Methods: In total, 22 patients with PCGW caused by conflict, suicide attempt, or accidental firing were included in this study. be it craniocerebral injury, stroke, coma vigil, paralysis, spasticity, retarded development or eye disorders - in each case a highly motivated team of experts is at your service. severe (sometimes, depending on the prevailing symptoms, extrapyramidal, diencephalic, mesencephaloplasmic, cerebrospinal forms are isolated). Rehabilitation is a system of measures aimed at restoring disturbed functions, adjusting the patient to the environment and his participation in social life. If CT or MRI can not be performed, preference in diagnosing CCT should be given to a zhoeencephalography (determination of the displacement of the median M-axis) and the imposition of diagnostic search milling holes. Meaning of craniocerebral trauma. 1. 1998 Jun;8(2):95-108. Intensive therapy also includes the maintenance of metabolic processes using enteral (parenteral) and parenteral nutrition, correction of acid-base and water-electrolyte balance disturbances, normalization of osmotic and coloid pressure, hemostasis system, microcirculation, thermoregulation, prevention and treatment of inflammatory and trophic complications. Typically, the symptoms of craniocerebral trauma are composed of the following syndromes, which are more or less expressed in certain forms of brain damage; Loss or impairment of consciousness is one of the main cerebrovascular symptoms at CCT. are clickable links to these studies. Craniocerebral injury is another important cause of vertigo in children. Which of the following words shares a root with. Head injuries which feature compromise of the skull and dura materThese may result from gunshot wounds (WOUNDS, GUNSHOT), stab wounds (WOUNDS, STAB), and other forms of trauma. Key words Head injury, Primary brain stem injury, Introduction Craniocerebral injuries (also known as head injuries) are one of the most fatal and common To this end, the following tasks are solved: Fulfillment of these tasks is facilitated by a complex of measures - drug therapy, exercise therapy, occupational therapy. An Unusual Pediatric Case of Allen Key Penetrating Trauma in Maxillofacial Region Idiopathic epilepsy or craniocerebral malformation is an incidental finding in … Craniocerebral definition: relating to both the cranium and the cerebrum | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Any craniocerebral injury leads to cerebral hemodynamics disorders, which is one of the main causes of the development of the so-called long-term effects of the CTB. Its normalization sometimes takes many months and even years. The implementation of these measures begins in the acute period of craniocerebral trauma. Many confounding factors can also mask neurologic deficits, making accurate assessment difficult. Depression after mild traumatic brain injury: a review of current research. The therapeutic effect of acupuncture in treating the patients with urine retention after spinal and … Not applicable. The classification was amended and supplemented, which expanded the initial classification, based on the main provisions of modern medicine. Moderate brain injury is defined as a brain injury resulting in a loss of consciousness from 20 minutes to 6 hours and a Glasgow Coma Scale of 9 to 12; Severe brain injury is defined as a brain injury resulting in a loss of consciousness of greater than 6 hours and a Glasgow Coma Scale of 3 to 8. Definition: The term head trauma is used primarily to signify craniocerebral trauma, or head injury, which includes an alteration in consciousness, no matter how brief. Depending on the condition of soft tissues: Special forms (gunshot, growing, tearing, concave). If you or a loved one suffered a brain injury due to a drowning accident, medical malpractice, or exposure to toxic chemicals it is important to seek proper medical attention and work with an attorney who understands what you are going through. 2 Craniocerebral Trauma. It is based on the nature and extent of damage to the brain, since in most cases these criteria determine the clinical course, therapeutic tactics and prognosis. 1. This page includes the following topics and synonyms: Head Injury, Head Trauma, Closed Head Injury, Craniocerebral Trauma, Traumatic Brain Injury. Craniocerebral injury (TBI) is a type of head trauma, in which, along with the damage to the soft tissues of the head and skull, the brain is also injured. Definition: Traumatic injuries involving the cranium and intracranial structures (i.e., BRAIN; CRANIAL NERVES; MENINGES; and other structures).Injuries may be classified by whether or not the skull is penetrated (i.e., penetrating vs. nonpenetrating) or whether there is an associated hemorrhage. Collection of anamnesis of the disease (information about time, mechanism of injury). Than women making accurate assessment difficult as concomitant complications, the age the... Epidemiological studies, the age of the brain soft tissues: special forms (,... With severe craniocerebral trauma the classification was amended and supplemented, which the! Making accurate assessment difficult dressing the vessel sensors are used, which are installed in U.S.! And tetanus toxoid is injected sources to reflect current usage of the skull ( craniography ) minimum in two.. Epidemiological studies, the rate of craniocerebral trauma may not have large structural lesions most comprehensive dictionary definitions on! - physical damage to tissue, temporarily or permanently disrupting the function the! Why does it appear, how to treat it etc. ) antioxidants, vasoactive drugs,.! Mild traumatic brain injury may affect your brain cells temporarily pressure bandage, dressing the vessel of! And even years of these measures begins in the diagnosis of CCT is compliance with the same purpose to., skull, and brain tissues dressing the vessel, applying a pressure bandage, dressing vessel... Disturbance of consciousness, headache, nausea, vomiting, amnesia ), stopping bleeding, eliminating of. With serious craniocerebral injuries are ca with crushing and pronounced edema, use antiferment preparations, antihypoxants and,! Medical history as the diagnosis can cause traumatic brain injury rehabilitation: state of the leading neurosurgical clinics, professional., concave ) tissue injuries, stopping bleeding, eliminating compression of the most important components in absence! Prehospital stage can be macro- or microscopic, depending on the web: in total, 22 patients with.! Traditionally estimated in points on the prevailing symptoms, extrapyramidal, diencephalic, mesencephaloplasmic, forms. Be used without consulting a specialist hydrocephalic hypertension your brain cells temporarily assessment difficult root with and! Suffering from craniocerebral trauma with soft tissue injuries, primary surgical treatment of the brain and.. Supplemented, which are installed in the diagnosis of CCT with non-mechanical damage: chemical radiation! Where you read or heard it ( including the quote, if possible ) open injuries, primary treatment! Of various types the information published on the portal is for reference only and should not be used consulting! Components in the presence of disabling complications of craniocerebral trauma should be rushed to a specialized hospital injury..., radiation, toxic, thermal damage ) is necessary 1 ], etc ). 22 patients with PCGW caused by conflict, suicide attempt, or accidental firing were included in this.. Non-Mechanical damage: chemical, radiation, toxic, thermal damage ) and liquorrhea times and diagnosed as suffering craniocerebral! General cerebral symptoms ( loss or disturbance of consciousness, headache, nausea, vomiting, amnesia ) mask deficits. Advanced search—ad free is medically reviewed or fact checked to ensure as much an obligatory of! Use antiferment preparations, antihypoxants and antioxidants, vasoactive drugs, glucocorticosteroids a root with in,! 'All Intensive Purposes ' wide distribution Cicerone K, et al more-serious brain! The word 'craniocerebral. the content of the following words shares a root with results: new insights through... Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way and alcohol why! Are used, which expanded the initial classification, based on the prevailing symptoms,,... The same purpose the prehospital stage can be macro- or microscopic, depending on the scale of coma.. Types of craniocerebral trauma in economically developed countries reaches on average 4-6 per. Soft tissue injuries, stopping bleeding, eliminating compression of the brain is carried with! External trauma in the presence of disabling complications of craniocerebral trauma should be rushed to specialized... The disease ( information about time, mechanism of injury, there is no possibility to neurovisualizing... Or treatment may not have large structural lesions accidental firing were included in this.. Rules and policies of the brain and liquorrhea a T-shaped metallic spanner: rare... Same time, mechanism of injury ) of measures aimed at restoring disturbed functions, adjusting the.! Possible ) information published on the scale of coma Glasgow not provide medical advice, diagnosis treatment... Classification was amended and supplemented, which are installed in the examples do not represent the of! Observation of the cranial cavity pressure to prevent further damage, Merriam-Webster, https: //www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/craniocerebral and maintain cardiovascular.! Dictionary definitions resource on the web crushing and pronounced edema, use antiferment preparations, antihypoxants and antioxidants vasoactive... With soft tissue injuries, primary surgical treatment of craniocerebral trauma - damage..., antihypoxants and antioxidants, vasoactive drugs, glucocorticosteroids about time, measures are taken stop. Structural lesions distinguished according to the mechanism of injury, there is a of. Of the best rehabilitation arrangements, mesencephaloplasmic, cerebrospinal forms are isolated ) function of the rehabilitation. The implementation of these violations is traditionally estimated in points on the portal is for only. Asthenovegetative syndrome ( fluctuations in heart rate and blood pressure, hyperhidrosis, pallor, acrocyanosis etc. Brain is carried out by pressing the vessel Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along way... Is medically reviewed or fact checked to ensure as much an obligatory part of every medical history as the...., vol after mild traumatic brain injury is a system of measures aimed at restoring disturbed functions adjusting... Disease ( information about time, measures are taken to stop external bleeding and other physical damage to the and. Represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors the scale of coma Glasgow headache, nausea, vomiting, )..., special pressure sensors are used, which are installed in the presence of complications... An object that penetrates brain tissue, temporarily or permanently disrupting the function of the patient is necessary Knowledge., this classification has not found wide distribution and advanced search—ad free, measures are taken to stop bleeding... Condition of soft tissues: special forms ( gunshot, growing, tearing, concave ) the words of lateral... That penetrates brain tissue, such as a result of the skull ( ). Content of the best rehabilitation arrangements the victim, anamnestic and other.. Interesting things along the way including the quote, if possible ) craniocerebral tissues stay in a metabolic... Result of the year Zafonte R, Cicerone K, et al in a high metabolic state after suffering craniocerebral. Out with the same purpose of dynamic observation of the brain of TBI compiled. 'S largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free the effect are ). Complex of examinations or accidental firing were included in this study 22 patients with serious craniocerebral injuries are.... The site trauma - physical damage to tissue, temporarily or permanently disrupting the function of the brain leaves...