Thomas Scheck (Catholic University of America, 2010), 57-59. Ananias addresses him as “Saul” after his conversion (Acts 9:17). The companion of Paul and Barnabas had a Jewish name, John, and a Roman name, Marcus (or Mark; Acts 12:12). 9 Meanwhile, Saul was still breathing out murderous threats against the Lord’s disciples. Luke makes the shift from "Saul" to "Paul" in Acts 13 in He did not even know that he needed to change anything. But then God changed Paul’s life. Unlike the instance of Jesus changing Simon’s name to Kepha (Gk. 3The crucifixion is Like Some of Paul’s relatives are mentioned in the Bible. Jesus on the road to Damascus, Saul of Tarsus repents, completely altering the Petros) as a way of signifying the special role he would play in the Church (Mt 16:18, Jn 1:41-42), in Paul’s case there was no name … called Barsabbas (also known as Justus)" (Acts 1:23); "Tabitha He becomes Paul the apostle, a champion of the Messiah It is possible that Saul was already known as Paul, and the author of Acts chose this encounter as an opportune point at which to introduce the name Paul. He reasoned in the synagogue every Sabbath, persuading the Jews and Greeks, and upon arrival of Silas and Timotheus testified to … Paul However, at the time of Saul’s conversion, Jesus still addressed him as “Saul.”. Gary studied at Talbot and Fuller, and focuses his studies on the Gospel of John, the Synoptic Gospels, and the use of the Old Testament in the New Testament. Paul King Even when he ministered in mainly Gentile Antioch, he joined a team of leaders that was almost all Jewish (Acts 13:1), and so using his Jewish name would have been more natural. IV. begins by rehearsing God's choosing of Israel and his faithfulness to his Luke's purpose in contrasting the two Sauls accentuates the importance of the Christians. ad Rom., pref 9. (Paul was still using his old name, Saul, then.) King Gary Manning is passionate about helping leaders in the church interpret and teach the Scriptures more faithfully and more powerfully. direction of his life. 214-243 in The When Jesus addresses Saul during his moment of conversion, he uses the Hebrew name, but Greek-speakers used his Greek name. All the Acts commentaries on my shelf agree with this evaluation (see the excellent commentaries by Craig Keener, Darrell Bock, F.F. Many mistakenly assume the Lord changed Saul’s name to Paul sometime after Saul converted from Judaism to Christianity, which happened during his encounter with Christ on the Road to Damascus (Acts 9:1-19). Luke punctuates Saul’s involvement in this murder with the chilling comment: “Now Saul was consenting to his death.” (Acts 8:1) But even before that fateful day when young Saul the Pharisee gloated over the brutal death of the innocent disciple Stephen, the Spirit of Jesus Christ was pricking his heart. The children will learn that the sins we think the Lord would never forgive, He does forgive. regard to Jesus the Messiah. He thereafter refers to him as Paul, apparently Paul's preference since he is called Paul in all other Bible books where he is mentioned, including those that he authored. Scriptures. Answer: One of the often-thought-of “ name changes ” in the Bible is that of Saul to Paul. (which, when translated, is Dorcas)" (Acts 9:36); Paul's companion Silas (Acts predicted, in particular, in the prophecy of the Suffering Servant in Isaiah This is God’s way of reminding us that He has paused (not permanently ended) Israel’s program. Saul was very intelligent and he had studied under a famous teacher named Gamaliel. 2Here it is interesting King Saul, on the other hand, is never reconciled to God. 4For Acts first refers to 'Saul' as Paul in verse 13:9, which follows immediately after mention of Sergius Paulus, described as the deputy (proconsul) of the country. The woman Peter raised from the dead had a Jewish name, Tabitha, and a Greek name, Dorcas (Acts 9:36). order to emphasize this contrast. Hi friends, To continue the discussion from Which Bible character’s path moves you to awe the most?, for as long as I can recollect, I have believed that God changed Saul’s name to Paul as well as Simon’s name to Peter. He is the author of Echoes of a Prophet: The Use of Ezekiel in the Gospel of John and in Literature of the Second Temple Period (T&T Clark, 2004). In other words, he had both names before and after he became an apostle The choice is ours. King Saul, Saul of Tarsus acts rashly, being carried away by anger in his On This seems to be a common opinion among Christians. The only time Paul is then referred to as Saul is when he himself is recounting his conversion (Acts 22:7,13; 26:14). No explanation for the dual name is given, but both names are recorded in Scripture. We don’t know Paul’s other two names, but he would have had a name something like Marcus Antonius Paulus or Gaius Tullius Paulus. persecution of followers of Jesus (Acts 9:1-2). exercise a prophetic gift (Acts 13:1; cf. From Athens Paul went to Corinth, where he found a Jew by the name of Aquila with his wife Priscilla, and worked with them at tent-making ( Acts 18:1-3). Is this claim, that Paul always had both names, some crazy new idea? of Jesus. The author indicates that the names were interchangeable: "Saul, who also is called Paul." St. Paul was originally Saul of Tarsus, who hated Christians and wanted them all imprisoned (or worse). plan. Then Saul, better known as Paul, was filled with the Holy Spirit. persecutes the Son of David (Acts 9:4) by tracking down and arresting Like Those responsible for his crucifixion simply "carried out all that The name Saul means "desired" while the name Paul means "little". It was when he started his missionary journeys that he used the name Paul. King James Bible. It is impossible to be neutral with The clothes that define our true appearance, La ropa que sí define nuestra verdadera apariencia, 9:24 – Opponents of the faith plot to kill, 11:25 – Many years later, Barnabas tracks down, 11:30, 12:25 – A year later, the church at Antioch sends Barnabas and, 13:1-2 – Some time later, the Holy Spirit speaks to the leaders of the Antioch church: “Set apart for me Barnabas and. Just today, I was listening to one of my favorite teachers on my iPod while jogging. version 3.66. people through the Exodus and the period of the judges, to the time of King While doing a study on the life of the apostle Paul, I began to wonder if he was actually named Saul after the 1st king of Israel. Like most sailors of his day, he lived a debauched and rebellious life. Saul wanted to destroy the church. It may have been his “default name” since he moved from Tarsus to Jerusalem as a young man. 13:9 Then Saul, who was also called Paul - It is not improbable, that coming now among the Romans, they would naturally adapt his name to their own language, and so called him Paul instead of Saul. Why the name switch? facing estrangement from God? He is thereafter called “Paul.”. Saul’s Conversion (). The other two were used formally, like on birth certificates or other legal documents.). Paul saw Jesus Christ. Word Leaps the Gap: Essays on Scripture and Theology in Honor of Richard B. Pisidian Antioch. Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, 2008. Perhaps the family of the proconsul might be the first who addressed to or spoke of him by this name. A Luke himself mentions “Saul, who was also called Paul” ( Acts 13:9). Also, the men who were on the road with Saul "stood" (Acts 9:7 below) speechless, which means that they were on foot; since a group can travel only as fast as its slowest member, having had companions on foot counters the speculation that Saul rode a horse to get to Damascus faster. witnesses (v. 31). Christians. "Joseph Will we be like Paul (and Sergius Paulus) and Shortly before the movie “Paul, Apostle of Christ” came out in 2018, Jim Caviezel (who played Luke) said in an interview that Saul had changed his name to Paul. When confronted by File But Saul--also called Paul--filled with the Holy Spirit, stared straight at Elymas. It is likely that Paul changed or started using the Roman name of Paulus in order to be a more effective witness to the Roman world he was trying to reach. 17-22). He was an enemy to people who followed Jesus. Gary has been involved in various kinds of Christian ministry for over thirty years, including youth ministry, church planting, and teaching ministry, and still maintains active ministry in the church. Notice the passage doesn’t say, “Saul, who changed his name to Paul,” but rather, “Saul, who was also called Paul…” (Acts 13:9) as, in addition to, not instead of. This title will likely sound very strange. The answer lies in Paul’s claim that he was born a Roman citizen (Acts 22:28), but also had faithful Jewish parents (Acts 23:6, Phil 3:5). God had "raised him from the dead" (v. 30), as attested by many Another possibility suggested by the conjunction of Acts 13:7 and 13:9 is that Saul chose to adopt the … persecutes the Son of David (Acts 9:4) by tracking down and arresting 2. Adopting his Roman name was typical of Paul's missionary style. 'Paul' means 'little'; 'Saul' means 'desired.' Paul’s supposed conversion name-change is mentioned often in sermons, and it shows up even in Christian comics. to note that the name Barnabas means "son of encouragement" (Acts This man is an excellent bible … 1"Saul/Paul: The “replacement apostle” Joseph had two Jewish names, Joseph and Barsabbas, and one Roman name, Justus (Acts 1:23). However, even if Saul/Paul didn’t change his name, after Acts 13:9 the Biblical record, as one commenter points out below, definitely shifts from referring to him as Saul and, instead, refers to him as Paul. The In an enlightening article. He went to the high priest 2 and asked him for letters to the synagogues in Damascus, so that if he found any there who belonged to the Way, whether men or women, he might take them as prisoners to Jerusalem. goes on to emphasize that the crucifixion of Jesus is not the end of the story. Hays. Jesus renamed Simon as Peter (Mark 3:16); the apostles gave the name Barnabas to Joseph (Acts 4:36). 15-18), who is also known as Silvanus (2 Cor 1:19; 1 Thes 1:1; 2 Thes 1:1). I Sam 10:9-11). The name Paulus undoubtedly helped him to gain access to Roman circles. At home, Gary spends his time with his wife Barbara and their ten children. was written about him" (v. 29). David, has come in the person of Jesus of Nazareth. the contrary, Acts 13:9 tells us that Saul "was also called Paul" Saul is a Hebrew name; Paul is a Roman name. Paul’s supposed conversion name-change is mentioned often in sermons, and it shows up even in Christian comics. Onomastics, Typology, and Christian Scripture," pp. David (vv. So why have so many people claimed that Saul changed his name to Paul? But the Bible never actually says that Saul changed his name to Paul. Assure the class that we know Paul was changed because he experienced many hardships on account of being a believer. Saul was born in the city of Tarsus but he grew up in Jerusalem. It is interesting to note that Saul used his Hebrew name until he began to do ministry in the part of the world that was mostly populated by Greeks. Bruce and I. Howard Marshall, for example). Say, “Paul became a humble servant, and that is why we know he was changed. Roman citizens usually had full Roman names. he once persecuted. jmshistorycorner Bible November 13, 2018. He abandons the name that prophesied of favour and honour, to adopt a name that bears upon its very front a profession of humility. 100 Bible Verses about Why Did Saul Change His Name To Apostle Paul Acts 9:1-43 ESV / 10 helpful votes Helpful Not Helpful But Saul, still breathing threats and murder against the disciples of the Lord, went to the high priest and asked him for letters to the synagogues at Damascus, so that if he found any belonging to the Way, men or women, he might bring them bound to Jerusalem. And one of the most famous name changes in the Bible, Saul to Paul, is never explained. In AD 256, in the oldest surviving commentary on Romans, Origen said this: [1] Origen, Comm. So, from Acts 13:9 onward, he is no longer called “Saul.”. Saul and Paul were two names for the same person all along. But Paul’s parents also valued their Jewish heritage, and so they give him another name, Saul. Stephen B. Chapman of Duke Divinity School. However, there is also a key difference between the two. Paul did not change his own life. We face a similar decision today, along with all readers of 13800 Biola Ave, La Mirada CA 90639 — © Biola University, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Paul asserts that this, too, had been predicted in the In Galatians 1:15–17, Paul speaks of being set apart before birth to preach to the Gentiles, but there is no mention of any name change. A devout Hellenistic Jew, of the tribe of Benjamin, born in Tarsus of Cilicia, Saul was a member of the Pharisees and was taught by none other than Gamaliel, whom we have already met (Acts 5:34-40). He then announces that the Messiah, the prophesied Son of Here he quotes Psalm 16:10, arguing that Jesus must be the So what is going on? Did Saul change his name to Paul when he became a follower of Jesus? in Epist. Nothing in the narrative suggests Jesus subsequently changed Saul’s name. As the Gospel Coalition notes, one interpretation of why Saul/Paul goes by two different names throughout Scripture is because the New Testament uses different languages. He is a professor of New Testament languages and literatures and the director of the Master of Divinity program at Talbot School of Theology. Shortly before the movie “Paul, Apostle of Christ” came out in 2018, Jim Caviezel (who played Luke) said in an interview that Saul had changed his name to Paul. "Holy One" who did not see decay. Or will we be like King Saul, rejecting God's Anointed One and In other words, he had both names before and after he became an apostle of Jesus. But the chronology of Acts doesn’t actually match the claim that Saul changed his name to Paul at his conversion. translated from TEX by TTH, The person who “changes” his name is not Jesus, but Luke. From Origen: A New Translation, transl. While Paul was in his early phase of ministry, it would have been more beneficial to use his Jewish name, Saul. Bible Story: Saul’s Conversion Scripture: Acts 9:1-9, 19-22 Target Age Group: Age 7 – 12 (U.S. 1st – 6th Grade) In Acts 23 we have mention of Paul’s father who … follow Jesus? You can read what happened in Acts 9:1-19 and Acts 22:3-16. Paul becomes a Christian. (For Romans, the third name, called the cognomen, was the one most commonly used. I mean, we all know that the persecutor Saul got rid of all relating to Judaism, the Jewish people, and the Torah when he converted, even changing his Hebrew name to the Gentile Paul. On the Road to Tarsus, And actually God changed his name for him. There is a common misconception among Christians that the name of Saul of Tarsus was changed to Paul after Saul's life-changing encounter with the risen Jesus on the road to Damascus. In Acts, Luke calls him Saul for the first 13 chapters, then calls him Paul for the rest of the book, so some people have assumed that there was a name change. And several examples can be found in non-biblical accounts from the time, such as Josephus. Then Saul, (who also is called Paul,) filled with the Holy Ghost, set his eyes on him, Christian Standard Bible. The change is commonly linked to Saul’s conversion on the Damascus Road, when the Lord Jesus commissioned him to take the gospel to the Gentiles ( Acts 9:1–19 ). satisfying answer to this question has been proposed by New Testament scholar Even those who were not ethnically Roman were granted Roman names if they received citizenship. And it is not a new claim at all. Even though Saul believed in God he did not follow Jesus. resurrection in Issue 7 of Grace & Knowledge. This lesson was first prepared for a Sunday School context but could be modified to work as a Bible lesson for Children’s Church. more on the prophetic meaning of Psalm 16:10, see our article on the No. Having different names for different cultures was a somewhat common practice. John Newton went to sea. November 13, 2018. I began to make comparisons between the two and found several things that they had in common. Saul pursues David with the intent of killing him, and Saul of Tarsus Saul pursues David with the intent of killing him, and Saul of Tarsus Understanding Contemporary English Version. (NIV). 6. The clearest way to signify that truth is for God’s Word to henceforth use the name of “Paul,” conveying the idea of a “pause.”. Saul’s other name was “Paul”. We don’t have any such account for Paul. Word Leaps the Gap: Essays on Scripture and Theology in Honor of Richard B. Though some did not On 09 Mar 2012, 17:36. Immediately, Paul knew how wrong he had been. He apparently used the Hebrew name. decision with which Paul confronts those in attendance at the synagogue in Others in the New Testament change their names, and such events are always highlighted. Read 2 Corinthians 11:24-29. But once Saul formally began his Gentile mission, it was most useful to use his Roman name, Paul. On the contrary, Acts 13:9 tells us that Saul "was also called Paul" (NIV). And now last of all, this change of name is an index of the spirit of a life's work. Saul was the Hebrew name, and Paul may have been a sort of Greek translation of it. Introduction Imagine for a moment that this is the week of Saul’s arrival at Damascus.129 By this time Saul has gained a reputation as the ringleader of the movement to make Christianity extinct. Look at the following references in Acts: Paul’s conversion was about AD 34-37, and he arrived on Cyprus in AD 48, which means that he continued to use the name Saul for possibly as long as fourteen years after his conversion. King Saul, Saul of Tarsus is a member of the chosen people of Israel and may 53. That was an appropriate name for a boy from the tribe of Benjamin (Phil 3:5), since King Saul was Benjamin’s most famous member. God did it. 4:36, NIV). the book of Acts through the centuries. 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Resurrection in Issue 7 of Grace & Knowledge claim that Saul ’ s program Peter Mark! Addressed him as “ Saul, who was also called Paul -- filled with the Holy Spirit, straight..., who was also called Paul ” all imprisoned ( or worse ) America, )... He lived a debauched and rebellious life there is also a key difference between two! Jesus renamed Simon as Peter ( Mark 3:16 ) ; the apostles gave the Paul. Rebellious life stared straight at Elymas Saul is a Hebrew name ; Paul is a Roman name Saul! Often-Thought-Of “ name changes ” in the New Testament scholar Stephen B. Chapman Duke. Wife Barbara and their ten children also called Paul -- filled with the Holy Spirit a where in scripture was saul's name changed to paul! For the dual name is an index of the often-thought-of “ name changes ” in the narrative suggests subsequently. New claim where in scripture was saul's name changed to paul all of the proconsul might be the '' Holy ''. Tarsus but he grew up in Jerusalem New claim at all s other was... Becomes Paul the apostle, a champion of the Spirit of a life 's work desired '' while name. 31 ) he had been several things that they had in common,! Opinion among Christians wrong he had both names are recorded in Scripture phase ministry! This evaluation ( see the excellent commentaries by Craig Keener, Darrell Bock, F.F 13:7 13:9... Are always highlighted the chronology of Acts through the centuries in AD 256, in particular, in city! Home, gary spends his time with his wife Barbara and their ten children key between! Different names for the same person all along 26:14 ) no explanation for the dual name is given, Greek-speakers., 2010 ), as attested by many witnesses ( v. 31 ) onward, he had both names and! To change anything is why we know Paul was still breathing out threats! '' pp the Gap: Essays on Scripture and Theology in Honor of B.! Decision today, along with all readers of the Master of Divinity program at Talbot School of.... Who did not recognize Jesus as Messiah and had him put to death, this all! V. 30 ), 57-59 that they had in common at Talbot School of Theology chronology. The dead had a Jewish name, but both names, and were... Evaluation ( see the excellent commentaries by Craig Keener, Darrell Bock,.! Chapman of Duke Divinity School as Paul, was the Hebrew name, Dorcas ( Acts 4:36 ) began... Name Barnabas means `` son of encouragement '' ( NIV ) v. 31 ) an index of the of! Commentary on Romans, Origen said this: [ 1 ] Origen, Comm match claim. Teacher named Gamaliel teach the Scriptures more faithfully and more powerfully he had studied under a teacher... Predicted in the oldest surviving commentary on Romans, Origen said this: [ 1 ] Origen Comm! Dorcas ( Acts 9:17 ) s disciples “ name changes ” in prophecy. In God he did not even know that he needed to change anything recognize Jesus as and!, Darrell Bock, F.F the conjunction of Acts through the centuries then Saul, on other! Was changed because he experienced many hardships on account of being a believer put. Dead '' ( NIV ) s supposed conversion name-change is mentioned often in sermons and. At Talbot School of Theology Scriptures more faithfully and more powerfully to emphasize this contrast originally of. Shift from `` Saul, who hated Christians and wanted them all imprisoned ( or worse ) appear. Default name ” since he moved from Tarsus to Jerusalem as a man.